Practical Tools and Frameworks for Measuring Agency in Women’s Economic Empowerment

Mansi Anand, Anna Macagni & Maryam Piracha
Seep, Oxfam, Women for women international, Prisma

There is increasing interest from economic programs to better understand,measure and capture agency across interventions in order to more deliberately pursue women’s economic empowerment. Yet, there are many challenges in integrating agency in program planning and design, and specifically in measuring its impact.


The objective of this brief is to identify and analyze the different techniques practitioners use to measure agency in programs that promote WEE. The brief is practitioner-led, with a focus on finding promising practical frameworks and tools; indicators, research techniques, and results; and lessons and good practices in measuring agency.


This brief is relevant for a wide spectrum of audiences, from those already dedicated to agency as a topic to those just now considering how to adopt elements of agency measurement, and provides guidance on what indicators and questions are relevant. It will provide frameworks and tools that have been tried and tested, with insights on learnings, good practices, and challenges. 


The brief serves as a starting point for practitioners from a range of development programs and practices, including monitoring and evaluation, program management, and implementation teams. The information comes from peers with practical experience in measuring agency and applying the results to improve program outcomes.